Water temperature matters in senior bathing.
Too hot or too cold! When it comes to senior bathing, no one likes the extremes of temperature.
But, what is a good temperature for bathing or showering?
Ideally, experts say that the ideal water temperature for bathing and showering should be only one or two degrees above the body temperature of 98.6 degrees Fahrenheit. So a temperature range of 98 degrees to 100 degrees is best. There are dangers for the elderly when bathing in extremely hot or extremely cold water.
Bath water temperatures of 102 degrees F. and above are dangerous to elderly, especially those who have heart and cardiovascular problems.
Hot water can cause excessive flow of blood to the skin, and this can cause cardiovascular strain. The heart may work too hard, which is dangerous for seniors who may have heart conditions. Burns can also occur in hot bath and showers. Hot water of 120 degrees Fahrenheit (50 degrees Celsius) is far too hot for safe bathing. Water can cause serious burns on the skin in very little time. Seniors who cannot move quickly enough to shut off the faucet risk burns that can lead to serious infections.
Cold water also affects the body. Cold water can cause blood vessels to narrow. This reaction will reduce the amount of blood that flows to a person’s skin, internal organs and their heart. A reduction in blood volume can cause the heart to strain. If the bath water is colder than core body temperature, body heat is lost. Cold water can cause sudden lowering of body temperature and blood vessel constriction in the elderly.
Tips for Safe Senior Bathing
- Caregivers should adjust the hot water tank to ensure that bath water will not be too hot. Buy and use a bath thermometer to check the water temperature in the bath or shower, so there is no guessing about safety.
- Always heat the bathroom to a temperature that is comfortable for the senior and for the caregiver.
- Test the bath water before letting the patient enter the tub or shower. Let the senior test it with a finger or toe to see if it is comfortable for them. Even if the person can bathe herself, the caregiver should stay alert and watch and listen, so she can respond immediately to a problem when the patient is bathing independently.
- If the person is dependent on you for bathing, take time to prepare the room’s temperature, and the water’s temperature. Making the bath temperature and the room temperature similar means the body will not have to adjust and strain.
- Set up the bath seat, the transfer board, and chair or wheelchair for transferring the patient into the tub or shower safely. Make sure you can tolerate the water temperature and room temperature also, because there are physical effects on you while you are working.
- Be especially careful when assisting the patient to enter the tub or shower, so that you don’t slip and hurt yourself. Don’t force the patient, and don’t hurry the patient.
The goal in senior bathing is a safe and comfortable bath or shower for patient and caregiver both.
Equipment for Safer Baths
Caregiver-aid has equipment to make bathing and showering safer for you and your loved ones. We have three different Bath Safety Sets which include a shower/bath seat, a hand-held shower head, and a non-slip bath mat. Bath Safety Set #1 has a seat with no back, and the Lumex handheld shower head with the mat. Bath Safety Set # 2 has a seat with a back on it, and includes the shower head and mat also. Bath Safety Set #3 has a padded bench which is necessary for patients who need to transfer from a wheelchair into the tub or shower, and the mat and shower head come with it too. The Lumex handheld shower with six spray options and an 84-inch hose helps to control the water spray and reach all around. Buying a set will save you money, and there is one to fit your budget.
Let Caregiver-Aid help you with one of these sets.